Main Article Content
The use of Titanium and its alloys has increased significantly over the past few decades. Research and development have revealed infinite possibilities for using titanium in both medical and dental fields. Its unique properties make titanium an excellent material for biomedical and industrial applications. The aim of this article is to provide an insight into the natural abundance, manufacturing process, properties and applications of titanium. Clinical and laboratory drawbacks of the metal are also discussed. Titanium has wide applications in the medical field like orthopedic implants, heart valves, surgical tools and equipment because of its non-toxic and inert nature. With the introduction of titanium implants, there has been a tremendous increase in the usage of dental implants for the management of missing teeth. Titanium implants provide most reliable form of retention and support for maxillofacial prosthesis. The unique property of shape memory of Nitinol wires favours various orthodontic applications. Resistance to permanent deformation in curved root canals and superelastic property of NiTi have revolutionized rotary endodontic practice. The unique properties of titanium and its alloy necessitates special manufacturing techniques. Excellent biocompatibility and outstanding mechanical properties like low density and high corrosion resistance justify the usage of Titanium for medical and industrial applications.